UPSC 2024 Prelims Syllabus

UPSC Prelims syllabus

GS Paper I

  • Current Events of National and International Importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.

GS Paper II (CSAT)

  • Comprehension; Interpersonal Skills including Communication Skills.
  • Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
  • Decision Making and Problem Solving.
  • General Mental Ability.
  • Basic Numeracy (Numbers and their Relations, Orders of Magnitude, etc.) (Class X level).
  • Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level).


Prelims Papers Total Marks Total Questions Duration Negative Marks Nature
GS Paper I 200 100 2 hours Yes Merit ranking
GS Paper II (CSAT) 200 80 2 hours Yes Qualifying

Note 1: Paper II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

Note 2: The questions will be of multiple choice, objective type.

Preparation Strategy for GS Prelims

Understanding the Exam:

  • Exam Pattern: Familiarize yourself with the UPSC CSE Prelims exam pattern, which consists of two papers – General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II (CSAT).
  • Syllabus: Go through the detailed syllabus provided by UPSC. It’s crucial to know what topics are included to streamline your preparation.

Subject-wise Approach:

  1. History, Art & Culture:
    • Ancient, Medieval, Modern History: Read NCERTs and standard reference books.
    • Art & Culture: Focus on Nitin Singhania’s book and NCERTs for a comprehensive understanding.
  2. Geography:
    • Physical Geography: NCERTs are fundamental. Follow up with Goh Cheng Leong.
    • Indian and World Geography: Study regional geography and map-based questions.
  3. Polity:
    • Indian Constitution: Read Laxmikanth thoroughly.
    • Current Affairs: Stay updated with constitutional amendments and evolving political scenarios.
  4. Economics:
    • NCERTs: Read 11th and 12th-grade Economics books.
    • Current Affairs: Follow economic surveys, the budget, and financial newspapers.
  5. Environment & Ecology:
    • NCERTs: Focus on the 12th-grade Biology book.
    • Reports: Refer to reports like the State of Forest Report and IPCC reports.
  6. Science & Technology:
    • NCERTs: Go through 9th and 10th-grade Science books.
    • Current Affairs: Stay updated on recent technological advancements.
  7. Current Affairs:
    • Newspapers: Regularly read a reputable newspaper for current events.
    • Magazines: Follow monthly magazines like Yojana, Kurukshetra, and current affairs compilations.
  8. CSAT (General Studies Paper II):
    • Practice: Solve previous years’ papers to understand the pattern.
    • Time Management: Work on improving your speed and accuracy.

General Tips:

  1. Consistent Revision:
    • Flashcards: Prepare concise notes and use flashcards for quick revision.
    • Timely Revision: Regularly revise what you’ve studied to retain information.
  2. Mock Tests:
    • Regular Practice: Take mock tests to improve time management.
    • Analysis: Analyze your performance and identify weak areas for improvement.
  3. Newspaper Reading:
    • Editorials: Focus on editorials for an in-depth understanding of current issues.
    • Note-making: Maintain notes for current affairs topics.
  4. Balanced Approach:
    • Equal Weightage: Allocate time based on the weightage of each subject in the syllabus.
    • Avoid Overemphasis: Don’t overemphasize one subject at the expense of others.
  5. Mind Maps and Diagrams:
    • Visual Aids: Use mind maps and diagrams to understand and memorize complex topics.
    • Graphical Representation: Represent data graphically for better retention.
  6. Health and Well-being:
    • Regular Breaks: Take short breaks during study sessions.
    • Physical Exercise: Include regular physical activities for better concentration.
  7. Stay Positive:
    • Mental Resilience: Develop a positive mindset to handle exam pressure.
    • Motivational Material: Read success stories to stay motivated.
  8. Feedback and Adaptation:
    • Feedback from Mocks: Learn from mistakes and constantly adapt your strategy.
    • Flexibility: Be flexible in your approach and adjust based on feedback.

Remember, UPSC CSE is a long and challenging journey. Consistency, dedication, and a strategic approach are key to success. Regularly assess your progress, adapt your strategy, and stay focused on your goal.

Table of Contents

Still have a Doubt!
Request a Call Back!