Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY)

The Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana (PMSY) is a recently launched ambitious initiative by the Indian government to promote rooftop solar power generation across the country. Announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in August 2023, the scheme aims to install rooftop solar panels on one crore (10 million) households, primarily focusing on low and middle-income families.

Benefits of PMSY

The PMSY offers a multitude of benefits, both for individual households and the nation as a whole:

  • Reduced electricity bills: By generating their own solar power, households can significantly reduce their dependence on conventional grid electricity, leading to lower electricity bills.
  • Increased energy independence: PMSY promotes energy self-reliance, reducing dependence on fossil fuels and imported energy. This aligns with India’s broader goal of achieving energy security and reducing its carbon footprint.
  • Environmental benefits: Widespread adoption of rooftop solar power will lead to a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to the fight against climate change.
  • Job creation: The scheme is expected to create millions of jobs in the solar power sector, boosting the economy and providing livelihood opportunities.
  • Improved grid stability: Rooftop solar power generation can help stabilize the electricity grid by reducing peak demand and providing distributed generation sources.

Target of PMSY

The PMSY has an ambitious target of installing rooftop solar panels on one crore households within a specific timeframe. While the exact timeline hasn’t been officially announced, the government is actively working on various fronts to achieve this goal:

  • Providing subsidies: The government is offering substantial subsidies on the installation of rooftop solar panels, making them more affordable for low and middle-income families.
  • Simplifying installation process: The government is streamlining the process of obtaining permits and approvals for rooftop solar installations, making it easier for households to participate in the scheme.
  • Raising awareness: Public awareness campaigns are being conducted to educate people about the benefits of rooftop solar power and encourage them to participate in the PMSY.

Solar Power in India

India has a vast potential for harnessing solar energy due to its abundant sunshine throughout the year. However, the country’s solar power generation capacity is still far behind its potential. The PMSY is a significant step towards realizing India’s solar power potential and making clean energy accessible to a wider population.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana on August 5, 2023, on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan. He described the scheme as a “gift to the nation” and a major step towards achieving India’s clean energy goals.


The Pradhanmantri Suryodaya Yojana holds immense promise for transforming India’s energy landscape and promoting sustainable development. By empowering households with rooftop solar power generation, the scheme can bring significant economic, environmental, and social benefits to the country.


Press Information Bureau – PIB: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1998634

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy – MNRE: https://mnre.gov.in/

The Energy and Resources Institute – TERI: https://www.teriin.org/


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